Full Title:Biology
Module Code:BIOL S8Z01
Credits: 15
Valid From:Semester 1 - 2013/14 ( September 2013 )
Module Delivered in 6 programme(s)
Module Description:The aim of this module is to present the necessary biology to support further studies in microbiology, molecular bioscience,ecology,physiology and pharmacology.Students will also gain experience in experimental techniques (biological and microbiological) and in the recording and interpretation of biological data.
Learning Outcomes:
On successful completion of this module the learner should be able to
  1. Identify and explain the function of the major biomolecules and interpret amino acid sequences from base sequences on the DNA.
  2. Describe the classification of viruses,their growth,and modes of replication.
  3. Summarise the major components in a typical procaryotic cell and compare and contrast a gram positive and a gram negative bacterial cell wall.
  4. Highlight the major characteristics and structural differences between prions,viruses,procaryotes,fungi and protista and discuss their commercial/medical importance.
  5. Explain the structure and function of eucaryotic cell organelles, membrane transport processes and cell division( mitosis and meiosis) and review the principles of Mendelian genetics.
  6. Compare different types of microscope and be competent in the use of a brightfield microscope to view and interpret slides and in the skills used in the preparation and microscopic examination of bacterial,fungal, animal and plant specimens.
  7. Discuss the structure and organisation of plants,internal and external factors affecting their growth,and explain the process of photosynthesis.
  8. Review the structure and function of the digestive, excretory, respiratory, urinary, reproductive and nervous systems in animals from selected taxa.
  9. Assign taxonomic terms to classify plants and animals.
  10. Make accurate observations of living and preserved biological preparations and assess and interpret biological data.

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content
Biomolecules,Prions and VIruses.
Introduction to proteins,enzymes, lipids,carbohydrates and nucleic acids.Prions,Viruses (types, structure,reproduction and growth and importance).
Introduction to the Cell and microscopy.
Classification,types of cells,cell size, factors determining cell size,brightfield, darkfield,phase contrast,flourescent and electron microscopes.
Replication of DNA and protein synthesis.
Replication,transcription,translation,exons introns,mutations.
Procaryotic cell structure.
Slime capsule, cell wall(gram positive and gram negative), cell membrane, flagellum,pilus,ribosomes, plasmids,nucleoid, endospore.
Eucaryotic cell structure.
Cell membrane,nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum,Golgi apparatus, lysosome, peroxisome,ribosome,cytoskeleton, cell communication, Transport processes across cell membranes.
Cell division.
Binary fission,cell cycle, mitosis,meiosis, growth and differentiation of eucaryotic cells, stem cell ,overview of animal tissues.
Fungi and Protista.
Characteristics of fungi,growth and reproduction,identification techniques,commercial/medical importance, antifungal therapies. Characteristics of algae and protozoa and their importance.
Mendelian genetics, monohybrid and dihydrid crosses, sex linkage, mechanism of evolution and speciation.
Feeding mechanisms in humans and animals, evolution of digestive systems, human digestive system, diseases associated with digestive systems, nutritional adaptations in plants.
Transport in plants, transport in animals, human cardiovascular system, composition and function of blood, lymphatic and immune system.
Gaseous exchange.
Physical laws of gas exchange, gas exchange in plants, animals, fish, human respiratory system, transport of gases in human blood.
Movement and support in animals.
skeletal system, muscular system, physiology of muscle activity.
Co-ordination in animals and plants.
Plant hormones, evolution of endocrine and nervous systems in animals.
Integration and co-ordination in humans.
Organisation of body systems, urinary system and regulation of body fluids, regulation of body temperature, endocrine system, nervous system.
Sexual and asexual reproduction in plants, asexual reproduction in animals, the sexual life cycle in mammals, development and growth of mammals.
Origin of taxonomy, 5 kingdoms of life, classification of animals and plants, identification of organisms using keys.
Practical skills.
Practicals will be selected from the following list: * •Introduction to microscopy; use and care •Elementary micro-technique – preparations of whole mounts; sections; smears and squashes; animal and plant cells (stained and unstained). •Microscopic measurement of cell size. •Microbes are everywhere. •Examination of prepared cultures and slides of bacteria, fungi and protozoa. * Preparation and examination of simple and differential stains in microbiology * Preparation of simple media for the examination of microbial growth •Examination of electron micrographs of eucaryotic and procaryotic cells and viruses. •Observation of mitosis in plant meristems. •The effect of salt concentration on plant cells. •Factors affecting enzyme activity. •Chromosomes and genes, DNA Extraction.Examination of invertebrate animals from selected taxonomic groups *Examination of plants from selected taxonomic groups * Dissection of the digestive and excretory system of lugworm *Dissection of the mouthparts of locust and its digestive system.Examination of mouthpart s of different insects. * Examination of the skulls of animals and the skeletal system of humans * Dissection of digestive system and circulatory system of rat. * Dissection of a sheep's heart. Examination of plant tissues *Separation of plant pigments by chromatography *Factors affecting photosynthesis.
Assessment Breakdown%
Course Work20.00%
End of Module Formal Examination50.00%

Full Time

Course Work
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Marks Out Of Pass Marks Assessment Date Duration
Class Test multiple choice /short questions 1,2,3,4,6 5.00 0 0 Week 6 0
Class Test multiple choice/short questions 4,5 5.00 0 0 Week 12 0
Class Test multiple choice/short questions 8 5.00 0 0 Week 25 0
Class Test multiple choice/short questions 7,8,9 5.00 0 0 Week 30 0
No Project
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Marks Out Of Pass Marks Assessment Date Duration
Practical/Skills Evaluation practical examinations to assess competencies in the preparation and viewing of specimens under the microscope/ practical report writing/short answer question /multiple choice questions as appropriate 4,5,6,7,8,9,10 30.00 0 0 n/a 0
End of Module Formal Examination
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Marks Out Of Pass Marks Assessment Date Duration
Formal Exam End-of-Semester Final Examination 1,2,3,4,5,7,8,9,10 50.00 0 0 End-of-Semester 0
Reassessment Requirement
A repeat examination
Reassessment of this module will consist of a repeat examination. It is possible that there will also be a requirement to be reassessed in a coursework element.

DKIT reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment


Module Workload & Resources

Workload: Full Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture No Description 3.00 Every Week 3.00
Practical No Description 3.00 Every Week 3.00
Tutorial No Description 1.00 Every Week 1.00
Independent Study No Description 4.00 Every Week 4.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 11.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 7.00
This course has no Part Time workload.
Recommended Book Resources
  • Clegg C.J. and Mackean D.G. 2000, Advanced Biology, 2nd Ed., John Murray UK [ISBN: 9780719576706]
  • Raven P.H. et al 2011, Foundations of life -Chemistry, Cell Biology and Genetics, 9th Ed., McGraw Hill UK [ISBN: 007740565X]
  • Raven,P,H., 2010, Biology, 9nd Ed., Mc Graw -Hill UK [ISBN: 9780077327640]
Supplementary Book Resources
  • Alberts Bruce 2009, Essential Cell Biology, 3rd Ed., Garland Science USA [ISBN: 978015341291]
  • Karp G. 2013, Cell Biology, 7ed Ed., Wiley UK [ISBN: 9781118318744]
  • Bolsover S. Hyams J. et al 2011, Cell Biology a short course,, 3nd Ed., Wiley [ISBN: 9780470526996]
  • Tortora G, Funke B and Case C 2011, Microbiology an Introduction, 11th Ed., Pearson Benjamin Cummins USA [ISBN: 032176781]
  • Madigan M,Martinko,J,Stahl ,D and Clark,D 2012, Brock- Biology of Micro-organisms, 13th Ed., Benjamin Cummings USA [ISBN: 9780321649638]
  • Reece,J,et al 2011, Campbell Biology, 9th Ed., Benjamin Cummings USA [ISBN: 9780321558237]
  • Mader,S,Windelspecht,M 2012, Biology, 11th Ed., Mc Graw Hill USA [ISBN: 9780073525501]
  • Mader,S,Windelspecht,M 2013, Human Biology, 13ed Ed., Mc Graw Hill USA [ISBN: 9780073525488]
This module does not have any article/paper resources
Other Resources

Module Delivered in

Programme Code Programme Semester Delivery
DK_SENVI_8 Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Environmental Bioscience 1 Mandatory
DK_SAPBI_7 Bachelor of Science in Applied Bioscience 1 Mandatory
659 Bachelor of Science in Environmental Bioscience 1 Mandatory
DK_SPHAR_7 Bachelor of Science in Pharmaceutical Science 1 Mandatory
Dk_SPHAR_6 Higher Certificate in Science 2 Mandatory
Dk_SAPBI_6 Higher Certificate in Science 2 Mandatory