Full Title:Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Module Code:VETS S7004
Credits: 7.5
Valid From:Semester 1 - 2013/14 ( September 2013 )
Module Delivered in 1 programme(s)
Module Description:This module will provide the veterinary nurse with the theoretical knowledge and practical skills to assist with the preparation, induction and maintenance of the patient for anaesthesia. The student will also have the ability to monitor the recovery and perioperative pain management of the patient.
Learning Outcomes:
On successful completion of this module the learner should be able to
  1. Identify, maintain and prepare anaesthetic equipment.
  2. Correctly calculate anaesthetic and analgesic medication dosages.
  3. Apply the principles of anaesthetic sedation, induction, maintenance, monitoring and recovery.
  4. Identify the indications for and perform effective cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitatation (CPCR)
  5. Evaluate the role of the veterinary nurse in pain management.

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content
Preanaesthetic preparations
Consent for anaesthesia, Fasting etc., Assessment of physical status and ASA grade.; Physiology of anaesthesia
Anaesthetic and analgesic drugs.
Drug classes, indications, contraindications, calculations & common anaesthetic drug combinations.
Premedicating, inducing and maintaining anaesthesia under the direction and supervision of a veterinary practitioner.
Calculations, Routes of drug administration; Inhalation induction by facemask and chamber; TIVA, Constant rate infusions.
Endotracheal intubation
ET tube materials, sizes and their selection, intubation procedures, extubation procedures, cleaning, disinfection, sterilisation.
Breathing circuits and Anaesthetic machines
Selection, preparation, leak-testing, cleaning and disinfection
Monitoring anaesthesia & Monitoring equipment
Patient physiological parameters; Assessment of anaesthetic depth; Accurate completion of monitoring charts; Anaesthetic monitors: Pulse oximetry, capnography, electrocardiography, auscultation using oesophageal stethoscopes, apnoea alerts, Doppler, Oscillometric and invasive blood pressure monitoring; Anaesthetic risks
Advanced anaesthesia
Recognition and management of anaesthetic emergencies; IPPV; Provision of effective CPCR; Emergency drugs; Tracheostomy; Hypothermia; Neonate and geriatric anaesthesia
Large animal anaesthesia
Equine, Ovine, Bovine, Porcine anaesthesia; Special considerations.
Pathophysiology of pain; Recognition and assessment of pain; Analgesic drugs; Local anaesthesia/analgesia; Non-pharmacological methods of analgesic provision; Chronic pain management
Pre-anaesthetic period
Pre-anaesthetic patient evaluation; Consent forms; ASA grading
Identification, maintenance, operation and preparation of the anaesthetic and analgesic machines and equipment.
Fluid pumps and syringe drivers; Anaesthetic monitoring equipment; Anaesthetic machine, breathing circuits, endotracheal tubes, facemasks, induction chambers etc.; Patient warming devices.
Anaesthetic premedication
Anaesthetic and analgesic drugs; Calculations of dosages; Revision of needle size selection; Revision of medication administration sites and techniques.
Anaesthetic and analgesic dosages based according to animal species and weight; Fresh gas flow rates; Reservoir bag size; Emergency anaesthetic drugs
Anaesthetic induction
Revision of IV catheter placement, Induction by facemask; Induction by induction chamber; Total intravenous anaesthesia including CRIs and use of fluid pumps, syringe drivers etc.
Endotracheal tubes
Selecting ET tubes suitable for patient size and species; Endotracheal intubation and extubation using animal models; cleaning, high level disinfection and sterilisation of ET tubes; Leak testing of ET tubes.
Anaesthetic machine and breathing circuits
Selecting breathing circuits and resevoir bags suitable to specific patients; identification and assembly of breathing circuits; Calculating Fresh Gas Flow rates; Leak testing the anaesthetic machine and breathing circuits; Calculating reservoir bag size; Filling, emptying and carrying vaporisers.
Anaesthetic monitoring
Revision of monitoring HR, pulse rate and quality, RR, Temperature; Use of ECG, Pulse oximetry, Capnography, Blood pressure monitors; Assessment of anaesthetic depth (reflexes etc.)
Dealing with anaesthetic emergencies
Troubleshooting likely problems with the anaesthetic equipment; IPPV; CPCR; Crash cart contents including emergency anaesthetic drugs; Tracheostomy tubes; Ambu-bags etc.
Large animal anaesthesia
Bovine, ovine and equine anaesthesia: Positioning, nasogastric and orogastric intubation.
Practical skills exams.
Two, individually assessed OSCE-style examinations
Assessment Breakdown%
Course Work50.00%
End of Module Formal Examination50.00%

Full Time

Course Work
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Marks Out Of Pass Marks Assessment Date Duration
Practical/Skills Evaluation Based on the weekly two hourly practical sessions and two OSCE style examinations (worth 2.5% of total module content each) 1,2,3,4 50.00 0 0 Every Week 0
No Project
No Practical
End of Module Formal Examination
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Marks Out Of Pass Marks Assessment Date Duration
Formal Exam End-of-Semester Final Examination 1,2,3,4,5 50.00 0 0 End-of-Semester 0
Reassessment Requirement
A repeat examination
Reassessment of this module will consist of a repeat examination. It is possible that there will also be a requirement to be reassessed in a coursework element.
Reassessment Description
If the student does not complete the practical training, they will have to repeat attend the module.

DKIT reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment


Module Workload & Resources

Workload: Full Time
Workload Type Workload Description Hours Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture 3hrs anaesthesia; 1 hr analgesia 4.00 Every Week 4.00
Practical Weekly two hour practical classes for skills development 2.00 Every Week 2.00
Directed Reading Moodle resources etc. as directed by lecturer 3.00 Every Week 3.00
Independent Study Revision of course material in textbooks, class notes and moodle resources 3.00 Every Week 3.00
Total Weekly Learner Workload 12.00
Total Weekly Contact Hours 6.00
This course has no Part Time workload.
Recommended Book Resources
  • Dugdale, A. 2010, Veterinary Anaesthesia: Principles to Practice, Wiley Blackwell [ISBN: 140519247X]
  • Welsh, L. 2009, Anaesthesia for Veterinary Nurses, 2nd ed Ed., Wiley-Blackwell [ISBN: 9781405186735]
  • Grant, D. 2006, Pain Management in Small Animals: A Manual for Veterinary Nurses and Technicians, Butterworth Heinemann Elsevier [ISBN: 9780750688123]
Supplementary Book Resources
  • Seymour, C. and Duke-Novakovski, T. 2007, BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 2nd ed Ed., BSAVA, 2007 [ISBN: 9780905214986]
  • Grimm, K., Tranquilli, W., Lamont, L. 2011, Essentials of Small Animal Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 2nd Ed., Wiley-Blackwell [ISBN: 978-0813812366]
  • Mann, F., Constantinescu, G., Yoon, H. 2011, Fundamentals of Small Animal Surgery, 1,2,19,20 [ISBN: 0781761182]
  • Tranquilly, F W;Thurmon,. J C; Grimm, K A, Lumb and Jones Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia, Blackwell, 2006, 4th ed [ISBN: 9780781754712]
  • Mc Kelvey and Hollingshead, Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, Elsevier, 2003 [ISBN: 978-0323019880]
  • Doherty, T. & Valverde, A., Manual of Equine Anesthesia and Analgesia, Blackwell, 2005 [ISBN: 978-1405129671]
  • Taylor. P M, and Clarke .K W., Handbook of Equine Anaesthesia, Saunders Elsevier, 2006 [ISBN: 9780702028359]
  • Lindley, S. and Watson, P. 2010, BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Rehabilitation, Supportive and Palliative Care, BSAVA [ISBN: 9781905319206]
  • Baines, S., Lipscomb, V. and Hutchinson, T. 2012, BSAVA Manual of Canine and Feline Surgical Principles: A Foundation Manual, BSAVA [ISBN: 9781905319251]
This module does not have any article/paper resources
Other Resources

Module Delivered in

Programme Code Programme Semester Delivery
Dk_SVETN_7 Bachelor of Science in Veterinary Nursing 5 Mandatory